Ancient Mesopotamians.com

Home
Akkad of Mesopotamia
Food & Drink
Tigris River
Mesopotamia Timeline
Domestic Animals
Art & Crafts
Calendar Concept
Civilization History
Clothing / Dressing
Common Crops Produced
Farming / Agriculture
History in Brief
Homes / Houses
Inventions / Contribution
Marriage Institution
People & Society
Religion / Beliefs
Sports / Games
Cuneiform Writing
Decline Of Mesopotamia
Fertile Crescent
Mesopotamia Museum
Mesopotamia Wheels
Cylinder Seals
Mesopotamian History
Irrigation System
Social System
Sargon of Mesopotamia
Slavery in Mesopotamia
Invention of Wheel
Trade In Mesopotamia
Egypt Similarities
Babylon City State
Crops Taken
Popular Games Played
Mesopotamia Geography
Gilgamesh Poem
Houses in Mesopotamia
Images of Structures
Irrigation System
Jewellery Making
Jobs / Occupations
Laws in Mesopotamia
Persia Relation
Pottery making
Social Structure
New Articles

Ancient Mesopotamia Gilgamesh

According to available historical records, the king of Uruk in Babylon is known as Gilgamesh. He is a known historical figure and ruled around 2700 BC from a place which is now part of Iraq. The civilization which prospered between the two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates, were among the very first to trigger growth of civilizations elsewhere in the west and the east.

ancient-mesopotamia-gilgamesh

Mesopotamia Gilgamesh was the subject of several stories and myths recorded around 2000 BC in the predominant Sumerian language of the time. Archaeologists have unearthed clay tablets on which scripts were written in Sumerian eulogizing the great King Gilgamesh. Studies have revealed that the language bears no resemblance to any modern language and was unique in ancient Mesopotamia.

ancient-mesopotamia-gilgamesh

Epic from 7 BC:

Stories and poems about Gilgamesh were also written in Akkadian which was a Semitic version of the prevailing Sumerian tongue spoken by common people. Akkadian was the favorite language for official purposes and was also preferred for literary pursuits as well. Our knowledge about Gilgamesh has come from the various writings and epic poems penned during the period in ancient Mesopotamia.

It is also one of the earliest known literary works of the world which also helped shape literary pursuits elsewhere once civilizations started prospering. Scholars on ancient Mesopotamian culture believe that the epic on Gilgamesh was initially written in Sumerian and at a later period, adapted as a longer version in Akkadian as well.

If you are looking for the complete version, you will have to rely on the surviving 12 tablets from the time of King Ashurbanipal of Assyria dating back to 7 BC.

The epic was centered on Gilgamesh and a wild man, Enkidu, who was his companion. They had gone on a hairy trail to the Cedar Mountain by defying the gods in a bid to finish off the monster Humbaba.

After accomplishing their task and infuriating the gods, Gilgamesh and his companion went on to kill the Bull of Heaven sent by Ishtar, the goddess whose advances they spurned. Mesopotamia Gilgamesh is a popular story and has been translated in several languages.

 

Copyright 2017