Mesopotamia was a region located between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers in a place which we today know as modern Iraq. This region owing to its efficient location gave rise to one of the most promising civilizations of all times.
Mesopotamia indeed was the first step forward towards urbanization. Not only the art and culture but the rules and regulations are found to be urban in nature.
Rules and regulations were followed with strict measures in the city of Mesopotamia. You might find it interesting to find a set of written rules and regulations in this ancient city. Mesopotamia rulers were held in high respect amongst the masses and were believed to be descendents coming down from the City of Gods.
This is contrary to the belief in ancient Iraq that Kings were actually reincarnation of Gods and goddesses. The masses respect and fear for their rulers automatically put them on high power and might. The code of Hammurabi is one example of written rules and regulations in Mesopotamia.
One can compare the set of these laws to the earliest developing forms of a government which abided by fundamental laws. Researchers often brand this as the earliest example of a very primitive form of the modern constitution in use today.
The code believed in the prevailing of truth and gave a equal footage to both the accused and the accuser to prink forth evidences to prove their point. Everyone thus had an equal say in the justice system of the country.
However the code is found to lag behind in many areas which are but obvious as the code is not a detailed law book formed by the research work of law scholars rather the judicial decisions which were thought of importance by the king.
There is a huge scope to enhance this code into a much better one though. The fact that tablet versions of this code has been found all around the city proves that this code was treated as a consultant for legal and judicial decisions. The law and order situation in this age hence seems on the developing track.