Ancient Mesopotamian Buildings

The overview of the study on Mesopotamian architecture is based mainly on architectural evidence, buildings in pictures and texts excavated on the sites which talk of the kind of architecture that prevailed in this civilization.


It usually concentrates on monuments and structures like tombs, buildings, texts and so on. The residential architecture were similarly well created keeping in the urban environment of most Mesopotamian cities.

Most of the literature focuses on the simplistically built big monuments. Notable architectural specimens like varied tombs and temples built in those days. The houses and most structures were built with the simplest common ingredients which are used till date in the construction of houses.


Mud, mud plaster, bricks and wood are the basic elements of these buildings. In those days making wood wasn’t easy. The plan of most houses were same – a square room located at the centre with other rooms on the side attached to it.

The society differentiated between houses of rich and poor by seeing the location of house from the city and the material with houses are made. Poor people had houses made of perishable material. The palaces of this civilization are large palatial beautiful complexes.

With elaborate plans which provide for beautiful courtyards to storehouses to bathing areas and the areas of private and public were strictly demarcated. There are burial chambers and big banquet halls and so on included in the palaces. Beautiful mythological pictures and carving adorned the walls.

The architecture was nothing ornate, more modern and plain in its ways. The ceremonial courtyard is crucial and huge and very extensively built. Huge pyramidal structures called Ziggurats are peculiar to this civilization. It just had a terrace in the pyramid and was created on a platform giving it a raised look.

It was essentially flat in its looks and looked very different from the Pyramids of the Egyptian Era. The structures today lie scattered in countries like Iraq, Iran and many other countries which lie in that region. The style is significantly different. The civilization was flourishing because of it striking differences from all the other civilization in the world.