Ancient Mesopotamian Women

The documentary evidence on the women in Mesopotamia is quite impressive. The main sources of the information on the women in Mesopotamia is through the family archives and the letters, written in cuneiform writing on the clay tablets that have withstood the hazards of time.
Most of the women in Mesopotamia were religious in nature.


They would always prefer to go to the temple shrines. There were some women in Mesopotamia who came from a particular sector of the society who could afford to have their statutes made depicting them worshipping in the temple shrines.
In these statutes they were shown wearing the standard fashion of the time, a simple draped dress with right shoulder bare.


The role of women of Mesopotamia was strictly defined. The only role they played was the daughters of their fathers and the wives of their husbands. They don’t have their individual identity. The only women in Mesopotamia who were allowed to have their distinct identities were the royalty or the wives of men who had power and status.

Most of the girls were trained frgblom their childhood to be good wives, mother and housekeeper. This was the only role they played in the society. They were taught how to cook meal, grind grain, beverages especially beer, how to spin and weave cloth.

The women in Mesopotamia if worked outside, it was only because of her household needs. She was allowed to sell beer made by her or become a tavern keeper. The role of childbearing and childcare led them to create medicines that prevented pregnancy.

As soon as the girl attained puberty, she was considered as woman who was ready for marriage. Custom of arranged marriages prevailed in the Mesopotamia. Once engaged, the women in Mesopotamia were considered as the part of their fiancĂ©’s family. If before the wedding, her would-be-husband dies, she was then married to his brother or another male relative.